Van Goslee Farm Tests, 1921

From the Skidmore News (Skidmore, Missouri), Febraury 10, 1921, page 1:

Gives Results of Tests Made on Goslee Farm.
County Agent, Kinnaird, Gives Detailed Report of Corn Cultivation Test.

County Agricultural Agent, R. A. Kinnaird, gives the following detailed report of a corn cultivation test carried on last year by Van Goslee:
In the first field of 140 acres he selected a uniform part of the field and cultivated ten rows under each of the following methods —
10 rows go-deviled, harrowed once and plowed once yielded 70 bushels per acre.
10 rows go-deviled, harrowed once, plowed twice and mulched with wheel once, yielded 69 bushels per acre.
10 rows go-deviled, harrowed once, and plowed once, mulched with wheel once yielded 81 bushels per acre.

Both times the corn was cultivated the cultivation was done deep. The fact that the plot cultivated twice yielded 12 bushels per acre less than the plot cultivated once is probably due to the deep cultivation which was given the second time. Comparing the first and the third plots there is an increase of 11 bushels per acre as a result of keeping the ground mulched by dragging the wheel through the corn.

In another field of 25 acres, Mr. Goslee took two plots of eight rows each.
The first was go-deviled once, harrowed once and plowed twice, yielded 65 bushels per acre.

The second was go-deviled once, harrowed once, plowed twice, and mulched with wheel once, yielded 65 bushels per acre.

The mulching was done by taking a small cultivator wheel and fastening one cement block on it and dragging it with one horse. Mr. Goslee fixed up four wheels in this way and one man drove the four horses. He says one man with four horses can go over 40 acres a day. Both of these tests were out in the field away from a fence where the corn and soil were supposed to be uniform.

Mr. Goslee’s tests support the results obtained on experiment stations time and again which shows the damage done by deep cultivation, except when corn is very small. Repeated experiments have shows just two things necessary in cultivating corn: first, to keep the weeds out, and second, to plow up the surface of the ground as soon as a crust forms after a rain. The shallowest method of cultivation which will kill the weeds and keep the surface of the corn field mulched will bring the greatest yield.

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