As you plan your Thanksgiving dinner and make your shopping list, consider these tips from the November 15, 1917 Skidmore News, courtesy of Herbert Hoover and the United States Food Administration:
The Food Pledge
For the benefit of a correspondent who was not solicited to sign the food pledge and there may be others who were not asked to sign the pledge the News copies what is called the Home Card which all housekeepers are asked to hang in their kitchen.
United States Food Administration. What you can do to help win this war.
Our problem is to feed our Allies this winter by sending them as much food as we can of the most concentrated nutritive value in the least shipping space. These foods are wheat, beef, pork, dairy products, and sugar.
Our Solution is to eat less of these and more of other foods of which we have an abundance, and to waste less of all foods.
Breads and cereals – Have at least one wheatless meal a day. Use corn, oat, barley, or mixed cereal rolls, muffins, and breads in place of white bread certainly for one meal, and if possible, for two. Eat less cake and pastry.
As to the white bread, if you buy from a baker, order it a day in advance; then he will not bake beyond his needs. Cut the loaf on the table and only as required. Use stale bread for toast and cooking.
Meat – Use more poultry, rabbits, and especially fish and sea food in place of beef, mutton and pork. Do not use either beef, mutton, or pork more than once daily, and then serve smaller portions. Use all left over meat cold or in made dishes. Use soups more freely. Use beans; they have nearly the same food value as meat.
Milk – Use all of the milk, waste no part of it. The children must have whole milk; therefore, use less cream. There is a great waste of food by not using all skim and sour milk. Sour milk can be used in cooking and to make cottage cheese. Use butter milk and cheese freely.
Fats (butter, lard, etc.) – Dairy butter has food vital to children. Therefore, use it on the table as usual especially for children. Use as little as possible in cooking. Reduce the use of fried foods to reduce the consumption of lard and other fats. Use vegetable oils, as olive and cottonseed oil. Save daily one-third of an ounce of animal fat. Waste no soap; it contains fat and the glycerine necessary for explosives. You can make scrubbing soap at home, and, in some localities, you can sell your saved fats to the soap maker, who will thus secure our needed glycerine.
Sugar – Use less candy and sweet drinks. Use honey, maple syrup, and dark syrups for hot cakes and waffles without butter or sugar. Do not frost or ice cakes. Do not stint the use of sugar in putting up fruits and jams. They may be used in place of butter.
Vegetables and fruits – We have a superabundance of vegetables. They take the place of part of the wheat and meat, and at the same time, are healthiful. Use potatoes abundantly. Store potatoes and roots properly and they will keep. Use fruits generously.
Fuel – Coal comes from a distance, and our railway facilities are needed for war purposes. Burn fewer fires. If you can get wood, use it.